Internet, Communications and Networking
- 10-Base T
- A popular type of EtherNet wiring that connects a single
computer or printer to a Network Hub. (Sometimes called twisted
- 100-Base T
- A new type of EtherNet wiring that connects a single computer
or printer to a Network hub. The performance of 100-Base T is
about 10 times that of 10-Base T. 100-Base T requires compatible
network interfaces in the computer or printer and it also requires
a compatible Network Hub. (Sometimes called fast EtherNet.)
- A networking standard that has been available on all Macintosh
computers. There are AppleTalk ports on both computers and
Macintosh compatible laser printers. Once connected with
appropriate wiring, the AppleTalk networking standard allows users
to share information with each other and also share access to any
laser printers connected.
- Bulletin Board Service
- Often shortened to BBS. Available to anyone with a modem and
communications software, they offer the caller information,
software, and the chance to share information and ideas with other
callers. There are commercial BBS's such as CompuServe and America
On-Line. There are also hundreds of small private BBS that exist
for individuals that share special interests.
- Electronic mail. E-mail is a capability given to a computer
user by installing e-mail software on their network. Once
installed, it allows the user to send typed messages or other
computer files to other users connected to their e-mail network.
E-mail systems can be connected world wide to allow messages to be
exchanged with any other connected user. The Internet is one
example of a worldwide network.
- E-Mail Gateway
- An e-mail gateway is a combination of hardware and software
that facilitates the connection of one complete e-mail network
with another one. Through the gateway, any user on one network can
share messages with any user on the other.
- A high speed networking standard that is available on newer
Macintosh computers. There are EtherNet ports on both computers
and laser printers. Once connected with appropriate wiring, the
EtherNet networking standard allows users to share information
with each other and also share access to any laser printers
- Fax Modem
- A piece of computer hardware that has two functions: Fax
transmission and reception. Data file transmission and reception.
- File Sharing
- A term that refers to a network connection between two
computers that allows them to share document files.
- File Transfer
- A term that refers to the transmission of data between two
computers on a network, or across telephone lines using modems.
- Stands for HyperText Mark-up Language. Authors create (often
called coding) documents in the HTML language and put them on a
Web Server. Once there, users with a Web Browser can view them and
follow any HyperText Links they may contain.
- HyperText Link
- A HyperText Link is what weaves the World Wide Web together.
Authors of HTML Web Pages can cause certain words within their
copy to act like a button transporting the reader to the related
topic. HyperText Links are also found in many multimedia titles.
As an example, when reading this text, imaging having the ability
to click on the word HTML above and jump directly to a definition.
HyperText Links are said to be perhaps the most significant
difference between paper based and computer based documents.
- The Internet is a global web of interconnected computer
networks. There are tens of thousands of networks consisting of
millions of individual computers. An individual or an organization
can pay a monthly fee for connection to the Internet and then
share e-mail and file transfers with other users. There are a
great many information sources (databases) on the Internet and if
the user has the proper type of Internet connection, they can
access them. The Internet is not owned by any one company but was
begun by the US government to interconnect universities and
department of defense facilities. Today, it is an ad-hoc
accumulation of wires owned and managed by a wide range of public
and private firms involved in academic and commercial disciplines.
- Local Area Network
- A LAN as it is called is a set of wiring within the building
connecting computers to one another. Having your computer on a LAN
allows you to share information with any other computer on the
- A term a series of computers connected together with wires for
the purpose of sharing information. See Local Area Network.
- Network Hub
- A hardware device providing the interconnection between
networked devices. It is called a hub because the network wiring
can be sketched like a spoked wheel with the hub at the center. A
Network Hub is used with 10-Base T and 100-Base T EtherNet wiring.
Hubs differ in the number of ports they have and in large networks
multiple hubs can be bridged together.
- Stands for Universal Resource Locator and sometimes pronounced
like "earl". On the Internets World Wide Web, a Web Pages URL is
its address. Users wanting access to that page type the URL into
their Web Browser.
- Web Browser
- A Web Browser is software allowing the user to view HTML
documents on the World Wide Web. In addition to having this
software, the user must also have Internet access. Once connected
to the Internet, any user who enters the proper URL can view any
Web Page and follow any HyperText Links they may contain.
- Web Page
- A Web Page is a document written in the HTML language and
viewed on-line with a Web Browser. These documents reside on a Web
Server which is connected to the Internet. A Web Page can include
text, graphics and sounds. It can also include a form where a user
can enter information to order a product or to request
- Web Server
- A Web Server is a computer which is connected to the Internet
and is running specialized World Wide Web Server software. Web
Servers come in various sizes depending on the amount of data they
must handle and the expected number of daily requests for
information from Internet users around the world.
- World Wide Web
- A facet of the Internet which allows users to view and
download information containing text, still and moving pictures
and sound. Users can also upload information such as orders for
products which they've seen on "The Web". It is called a web
because many thousands of Web Pages are interconnected and a user
can jump from one to another with a click of their mouse.